Downloading and Installing Selenium WebDriver with Python
Simplified Guide: Downloading and Installing Selenium Python WebDriver for Fresh Graduates
In the world of software testing and automation, Selenium Python WebDriver stands out as a powerful tool for web browser automation. If you’re a fresh graduate eager to delve into the exciting realm of automated testing, this step-by-step guide will walk you through the process of downloading and installing Selenium WebDriver with Python.
Step 1: Set Up Python
Before we begin, ensure that Python is installed on your system:
Visit the official Python website (Python Downloads) and download the latest version of Python.
Follow the installation instructions for your operating system. During installation, make sure to check the box that says “Add Python to PATH.”
Step 2: Install Selenium
Open Command Prompt or Terminal:
Open the command prompt (Windows) or terminal (Linux/Mac).
Install Selenium using pip:
Type the following command and press Enter:
pip install selenium
Step 3: Download Browser Driver
Select a Browser:
Choose the web browser you want to automate (e.g., Chrome, Firefox).
Download Browser Driver:
Visit the official website of the browser you selected and download the corresponding WebDriver:
GeckoDriver (for Firefox)
After downloading, extract the driver executable to a location on your computer.
Step 4: Write Your First Selenium Python Script
Create a Python File:
Use a text editor or an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) to create a new Python file (e.g., my_first_selenium_test.py).
Write a Simple Script:
Enter the following code to open a browser and navigate to a website:
from selenium import webdriver
Set the path to the WebDriver executable
driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path=”path/to/chromedriver”)
Navigate to a website
Close the browser
Step 5: Run Your Selenium Python Script
Execute the Script:
Save the Python file and run it from the command prompt or terminal using the command:
Observe Browser Automation:
Watch as the browser opens, navigates to the specified website, and then closes.
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